The Commonwealth of the Philippines (: ; : ) was the administrative body that governed the from 1935 to 1946, aside from a in the from 1942 to 1945 when . It replaced the , a government, and was established by the . The Commonwealth was designed as a transitional administration in preparation for the country's full achievement of independence.
The Philippine Commonwealth (by law: Commonwealth of the Philippines) was the name of the from 1935 to 1946 when it was still controlled by the . The Philippine Commonwealth was created by the Tydings-McDuffie Act, which was approved by the U.S. Congress in 1934. When Manuel L. Quezon became president in 1935, he was the first Filipino to head an elected government in the Philippines.