• Egyptian Religion, by E. A. Wallis Budge
  • Ancient Egyptian Religion Religion guided every aspect of Egyptian life
  • EGYPTIAN RELIGION - History Link 101
  • Ancient Egyptian Religion - Ancient History Encyclopedia

The Religion of Ancient Egypt


Origin of Religion - Pantheism
: Pantheism (a belief that all is God) prevailed in numerous ancient cultures. The belief that the universe itself was divine was typified in the Animism beliefs of the African and American Indian cultures, the later Egyptian religion under the Pharoahs, and , Confucianism and Taoism in the cultures of the Far East. Pantheistic beliefs are also finding resurgence among various . Generally, pantheism is the principle that god is everything, and everything is god. Therefore, nature is also part of god. We must be in harmony with nature. We must nurture it and be nurtured by it. Mankind is no different than any other animal. We must live in harmony with them, understand them, and learn from them, focusing on the relationship between mankind and the elements of nature.

Mertseger was an Ancient Egyptian goddess of Western Thebes, appearing in the form of either a cobra or a lion. In cobra-form, she struck fear and respect into the hearts of the local villages of Deir el-Medina because of her supposed ability to cause blindness and venomous stings. Where she is in lion-form, she is even more ferocious, as her responsibility was to chastise evildoers. In order to lift the dreaded consequences of Mertseger's wrath, the evildoer in question was to call upon her name, asking her to forgive them for all the sins they committed. Her area of residence was namely near Western Thebes, at this ancient city's necropolis. Because of her location here, the epithet of "Peak of the West" was given to her. The specific location of her home was said to have been on the rocky spur of Sheik Abd-el-Gurneh. Because of this location--environ of the Theban necropolis--she was given the name of "Lover of Silence." One last sobriquet of hers was "Lady of the Heaven." Both this and "Peak of the West" were name given to her in Egyptian religious texts.


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Ancient Egyptian religion was a complex system of beliefs and rituals which was integral to society. It centered on the Egyptians' interaction with a multitude of who were believed to be present in, and in control of, the forces and elements of nature. The myths about these gods were meant to explain the origins and behavior of the forces they represented, and the practices of Egyptian religion were efforts to provide for the gods and gain their favor.