We start with Orion. Orion is a constellation that looked like a person to the people of old ages. Orion is very easy to find in the winter night sky. But first we have to understand that the stars in the sky are moving, they travel across the sky during the night. So in winter Orion starts in the south west and ends in the south east. So we can say that if you look to the south you should find Orion. If Orion is not in the south look from there to the left or to the right. If you just came from a lighter room you will not see all the stars of Orion. First you will see the brightest stars until your eyes have adapted and this will look something like this: I call this the washing powder spoon, while in reality this is Orion. If you look longer onto this constellation then in this group of stars some more stars will appear and you will then see Orion completely. This now is the constellation Orion. So with this knowledge now try to find Orion, And you will see that this is really easy to know in the winter night sky. This is our first firm constellation from where we will go to the neighbouring constellations to learn the names of the stars. Old peoples saw the form of a man in this group of stars, but I believe that they saw more stars because of less light pollution to see a man in this image so this is not really to see for us today, but we note that the man was called Orion by the greeks and that the three stars in the middle are Orion’s Belt. Meaning actually the belt of this man Orion. With this image you can learn your first names of the stars. Most interesting is of course the distance of the stars. How far each star is away from us. This distance is also written in the image. For example Alnitak is 800 ly away. ly means light year. And one light year is the distance that you get if you let light travel through space and then wait one year, and how far it has traveled then this is the length that we call one light year. Light is fast and if it travels one whole year then this is a big distance. From our sun to us light travels 8 minutes. From the moon to us light travels 8 seconds. So Alnitak is 800 light years (ly) away. I learn the names of the stars always together with distance to get a three dimensional image. So always learn name and distance.
This article contains skymaps of course but if you want to have a complete skymap look here. . First enter the nearest city to where you are. This is a fantastic skymap, just what you need. Take your time to understand it, it is not complicated, this is by far the best online star map I have ever seen. Any time you see stars in the sky that should not be there you are probably seeing a planet like Venus or Jupiter. Check the skymap where you can switch the planets on and of. The planets look like very bright stars but they change position over the weeks. So if you want to learn star positions you should check where the planets are at the moment because they look like stars but are actually planets. Every constellation has many hundred stars, but you do not see them in the sky. Science has discoverd very many stars that can not be seen with the naked eye. Of course we do not want to learn the names of these stars. together with this article you can check Wikipedia for the names of the stars and also the constellations. To get more information.
Some of the names which we use for stars and constellations are the names of mythological figures, such as the hunter, the strong-man, and Castor and Pollux, . Others describe the star's position in the sky. As an example, Sirius is based on a Greek word meaning 'scorching', because its heat was thought to add to that of the Sun to produce the "dog days" of late summer. It is also called the 'Dog Star' because of its position in , the Big Dog. The name of the bright star to its northeast, Procyon, is based on the Greek 'pro kion', or 'before the dog', because being further north than Sirius it rises before it, even though it is further to the east.