was at the height of his writing career during the Gilded Age, or a time of extremes in which writing was based in romantic plots but contained realistic descriptions of American culture. The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County is a quintessential example of this writing style in Mark Twain’s own works. The two voices in the story illustrate with stark realism Twain’s view of society after the Civil War. Jim Smiley represents optimism but slothfully and with ignorance. The stranger represents the sector of society that is blatantly “sinful” or evil and does not hid behind an image of innocence, as does Smiley.
"The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" is an 1865 short story by Mark Twain. It was also published as "The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" and "Jim Smiley and His Jumping Frog." In it, the narrator retells a story he heard from a bartender, Simon Wheeler, at the Angels Hotel in Angels Camp, California, about the gambler Jim Smiley. Upon discovering a French translation of this story, Twain re-translated the story, word for word and keeping the French grammar structure, back into English. He then published all three versions under the title "The Jumping Frog: In English, Then in French, and Then Clawed Back Into A Civilized Language Once More by Patient, Unremunerated Toil." (Summary by Wikipedia)
"The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," also published under the title of “Jim Smiley and His Jumping Frog,” and as “The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County,” is a short story written by Mark Twain in 1865; one that brought him his first national attention as a short story writer.